Called upon to protect discrete and insular minorities, the Equal Protection Clause stands as a symbol of the nation’s abiding belief in equality.  The Clause gave constitutional status to an egalitarian ideal, which developed during the colonial period.   

The immutability rationale stems from the principle of fairness to individuals, firmly embedded in the American concept of justice: one should not be penalized due to his or her status determined solely by an accident of birth. 

Law is a profession of words.

As a bilingual lawyer who cherishes words, I have published numerous articles in both legal and general publications.  My writings reflect my diverse interests –as well as my hectic but fulfilling role as a “mommy-track lawyer.”  An award-winning writer, I have explored various subjects, from estate tax to bilingual education, and from immigration law to the joys of motherhood.

I have drafted judicial opinions for federal and state judges, authored an article cited in a U.S. Supreme Court case, and contributed a chapter to a textbook used internationally.  As a mother, I have written parenting essays depicting how my son and I sing doyo (traditional Japanese children’s songs) while flipping pancakes or how my daughter loves to push her favorite doll, Pinkie, in her strawberry-patterned stroller in our toy-filled living room.

On these pages, I will share with you a small collection of my articles.   If you wish to avoid legalese, click “Novel” or “Essay” on the menu.  They contain more interesting (at least to non-lawyers) writings. 


FOR JAPANESE READERS: Check out Oyako Diary, a Japanese blog based on my monthly newspaper column.

I would welcome your comments and suggestions. Please write to me at

Kiyoko Kamio

                   All material on these pages - Copyright Kiyoko Kamio- All rights reserved